NEW DELHI: The waist size of your child can predict if he or she is likely to suffer from any metabolic disorder. This has been found in a multi-centre cross-sectional study done by the International Diabetes Federation. It was conducted on 10,842 children in Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Pune and Raipur.
Dr Archana Dayal Arya, paediatric endocrinologist at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, and co-author of the study, said Metabolic Syndrome (MS) in children has been defined as the presence of high triglyceride levels in blood, low HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol), increased fasting blood glucose levels, high systolic blood pressure and waist circumference > 75th percentile. It results in increased risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease.
“It is shocking to see children as young as six years old with diseases like hypertension, diabetes mellitus and abnormalities in the lipid profile,” the doctor said.
The study found that the risk factor for Indian children for developing MS was at 70th waist circumference (WC) percentile, which is significantly lower than international proposed WC cutoff of 90th percentile.
Dr Anuradha Khadilkar, consultant paediatrician in Jehangir Hospital, Pune and corresponding author of the study, said primary or essential hypertension, commonly seen in adults, is becoming common in children, who are obese or overweight.
The study, which will be published in the forthcoming issue of the Journal of Paediatrics, found that 3.3 per cent or 358 children out of a total sample size of 10,842 were hypertensive.
Are you overweight and scared of developing heart disease and diabetes? Walnuts might just be the answer to your worries. According to a study led by Dr. David Katz, director of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center, eating walnuts may cut risk of developing heart disease and diabetes.
The study was conducted by recruiting 46 overweight adults who were not smokers. They were then divided into two groups, and one group had walnuts in their diet, while the other did not. After 8 weeks, the health indicators for developing diabetes and heart disease in the people who had walnuts were significantly improved.
The study published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition said: ‘FMD improved significantly from baseline when subjects consumed a walnut-enriched diet as compared with the control diet. Beneficial trends in systolic blood pressure reduction were seen, and maintenance of the baseline anthropometric values was also observed. Other measures were unaltered,’
Walnuts can also help cut the chances of prostate cancer
If that wasn’t reason enough to go to the supermarket, and pick up some walnut s- a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that eating walnuts can also help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
What makes walnuts so good?
Lead researcher of the study linking walnuts and prostate cancer, Dr. Paul Davis said walnuts have many ingredients which makes them so nutritious. ‘Walnuts are a whole food that provides a rich package of healthful substances, including omega-3 fatty acids, gamma tocopherol (a form of vitamin E), polyphenols, and antioxidants. These likely then work synergistically.’
Walnuts can also help boost your sex life
According to a study published in Biology of Reproduction, men aged 21-35 who regularly ate walnuts- had sperm with enhanced vitality and movement.
Phthalates, a chemical widely used to provide flexibility and durability to plastics and processed food containers causes increase in blood pressure among children and teens.
Phthalates a chemical found in plastics can elevate systolic blood pressure among children and teens. A recent analysis conducted by Langone Medical Centre in collaboration with researchers at the University of Washington and Penn State University School of Medicine on nearly 3,000 children revealed that exposure to phalates causes metabolic and hormonal abnormalities, especially during early development.
It stays undetectable because the toxic additives it contains are odourless and colourless. Phthalates are used in plastics and hence are present in our daily lives. Flooring, plastic cups, beach balls, plastic wrap, intravenous tubing and plastic packaging all include this toxic chemical.
The report published in the Journal of Pediatrics said exposure to DEHP (di-2-ethyhexylphthalate) is responsible for systolic blood pressure — a measure of peak pressure in the arteries near the end of a cardiac cycle. Besides, it also causes obesity, toxicity, cardiotoxicity and smaller penis size in men.
DEHP (di-2-ethyhexylphthalate) compound is the most common of the class of phthalate plasticizers. It extracts faster into oils and fats in foods packed in PVC. Higher levels of it can be found in packaged milk and cheese. It can also percolate into a liquid that comes in contact with the plastic.
Dr Leonardo Trasande, associate professor of paediatrics, environmental medicine and population health at NYU Langone Medical Centre, said, “Phthalates can inhibit the function of cardiac cells and cause oxidative stress that compromises the health of arteries but no one has explored the relationship between phthalate exposure and heart health in children.
We wanted to examine the link between phthalates and childhood blood pressure, in particular given the increase in elevated blood pressure in children and the increasing evidence implicating exposure to environmental chemicals in early development of disease”.
He also explained, “[The] increment [of this chemical] may seem very modest at an individual level, but on a population level such shifts in blood pressure can increase the number of children with elevated blood pressure substantially.”
“This is important because phthalate exposure can be controlled through regulatory and behavioural interventions.”
Recent national surveys in America show around 14% American juveniles are affected by it. They end up being either victims of obesity or hypertension.